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The Ideal Choice For Small Business - Debt or Equity Finance

Financing a business is always a difficult trial for small business entrepreneurs. A business without cash flow can be immobilized within a matter of months of its establishment. Therefore, until the foundation of the business has not been entirely structured, capital is pivotal for its sustenance. There are two types of loan alternatives accessible for business – debt financing and equity financing.


Debt Financing:

A debt financing is almost like a business loan, except, it’s taken from an outsider as averse to a financial organization. When we borrow funds from a lender, the only stipulation they seek is the warrant to pay back. We need to repay our loan in installments which consists of EMIs and the principal amount. In debt financing too, we need to repay the loan in akin manner but here the loan is equipped only if your business model seems promising. The person imbuing in your business might not partake in any share of profits. Nevertheless, they will want the amount to be used for a great business idea that will convince them to invest.


Like all types of financing, debt financing has both pros and cons.

Here are some of the pros:


● Comprehensible and finite terms. With debt financing, you’ll know precisely what you are in debit , when you owe it and how long you have to repay your loan. Your payment amounts will not oscillate month to month.

● No lender involvement in company administration. Even though debt financiers will become intimately accustomed with your business operations during your sanction process, they’ll have no control over your day-to-day operations.

● Tax-deductible interest payments. When it comes time to pay taxes, you can reduce debt financing interest payments from your taxable income to save the funds. These are some cons of debt financing:

● Repayment and interest fees. These costs can be stiff.

● Quick head start of repayments. You’ll generally begin making payments the initial month after the loan has been funded, which can be challenging for a startup because the business doesn’t have a firm financial foundation yet.

● Prospects for personal financial losses. Debt financing comes with the capability for personal financial loss if it becomes infeasible for your business to repay the loan. Whether you are endangering your personal credit score, personal property or past investments in your business, it can be hazardous to default on a loan and may result in bankruptcy.


Equity Financing

Equity Financing is allowing a person or an entity to invest in your business and buy a share of it. Instead of repaying the loan in EMI, you let the investor take a profit from your business and own a share as well. This is a blessing in a way because you don’t have the liability of paying someone in methodical installments. Also, this nullifies the pressure of making money just to conclude the loan on business. This module gives your business the chance to bloom and share profits, once it starts resulting in profits. There are many ways to utilize an equity fund, it could be a private investor, a firm, family or a friend.


Similar to debt financing, there are both benefits and disadvantages to using equity financing to lift capital. These are some of the positives:


● Well adapted for startups in lofty-growth industries. Principally in the situation of venture capitalists, a business that’s prepared for rapid growth is an ideal candidate for equity financing.

● Swift scaling. With the amount of capital a company can gain through equity financing, rapid upscaling is far simpler to achieve.

● No repayment until the business is profitable. Whereas debt financing needs repayment no matter your business circumstances, angel investors and venture capitalists hold back until you make a profit before regaining their investment. If your company ruptures, you never need to repay your equity financing, whereas debt financing will still need repayment.


These are the chief cons of equity financing:


● Difficult to obtain. Unlike debt financing, equity financing is hard to gain for most businesses. It requires a robust personal network, an enticing business plan and the foundation to back it all up.

● Investor involvement in company operations. Since your equity financiers invest their own funds into your organization, they get a seat at your table for all administrations. If you resign more than 50% of your business – whether to separate investors or just one – you will lose your principal stake in the company. That means decreased control over how your company is run and the risk of riddance from a management position if the other shareholders decide to change leadership.


While opting between debt financing and equity financing, you should take particular aspects into consideration. Some of them are mentioned below:

● If there’s a pressing requirement for a small amount of funds, it is advisable to opt for debt financing.

● If you are looking for meaningful capital along with some expertise to bloom your business and broaden your connections, you should go ahead with equity financing. On the other hand, if you only wish to avail the necessitated funds for expanding your business, debt financing would be a favorable option.

● If you desire to have absolute control of your business, going for equity financing isn’t advisable. This is because in case of equity financing, you’ll be required to ration your business with the investors. Therefore, before making any important business decision, you would’ve to discuss the same with your investors.

● If you aim to augment your business on a national or global scale, you can consider taking the aid of angel investors by opting for equity financing. Whereas, if you favor to run a local business and retain complete ownership of it, debt financing would be an ideal choice.

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